Discover the Ancient Wonders of Kondoa Irangi Cave Paintings

Nestled in the heart of Tanzania, the Kondoa Irangi Rock Paintings stand as a testament to the rich history and cultural heritage of the African continent. This stunning collection of ancient art, dating back thousands of years, offers a unique glimpse into the lives of the earliest inhabitants of the region. If you’re planning your next adventure, a tour of the Kondoa Irangi Rock Paintings should undoubtedly be on your list. 

The Enigma of Kondoa Irangi

The Kondoa Irangi Rock Paintings are located in central Tanzania, about a 3-hour drive from the town of Dodoma. This UNESCO World Heritage site is contains one of the world’s optimum collections of prehistoric rock art with an estimated 1600 distinct cave paintings in almost two hundred different sites. The Irangi Hills north of Kondoa is the most accessible site than all. Kolo Rock Ancient Paintings, located in the area between Singida and the Irangi Hills in the village called Kondoa Irangi Dodoma region. The most recent cave paintings are estimated to be a century or two ago while the oldest are between 19,000 and 30,000 years old. 

Cave Paintings Kondoa

A Glimpse into Prehistoric Life

The paintings depict a wide array of imagery, including animals such as giraffes, elephants, and leopards, as well as humans engaged in activities like hunting, dancing, and farming. These artworks are not just aesthetically pleasing but also provide valuable insights into the belief systems, social structures, and environmental changes over the millennia.

Why Visit Kondo Irange?


Cultural Significance

The Kondoa Irangi Rock Paintings are a window into the past, offering a rare opportunity to connect with the traditions and lifestyles of ancient African societies.


Natural Beauty

The site is surrounded by breathtaking landscapes, from towering baobab trees to rugged escarpments, making it a perfect setting for nature lovers and photographers.


Adventure and Exploration

Navigating the caves and rock shelters where the paintings are located offers an exhilarating experience for those who love to explore and discover hidden gems.

Cave Painting Kondoa

 Cave paintings Site History and Management


Cave paintings in the area was first reported in 1908 and a variety of excavations were carried out during the 20th century. The rock art area at Kondoa has never been comprehensively surveyed. The records from these past surveys and work are scattered over a variety of institutions in different countries. At present there is no integrated documentation system for the sites.

The management plan notes that there is a need for the Department of Antiquities to create a central database of all documentation.
The management of the property is create a careful path between supporting the living heritage values of the sites and supporting the physical preservation of the sites. The authority have now identified areas where trees can be grown for firewood.

Planning Your Kondoa Irangi Cave Painting Tour

Embarking on this journey requires some planning, as the site’s remote location and the delicate nature of the paintings necessitate careful consideration.

Getting There

The most convenient way to reach Kondoa is by car from Dodoma, the nearest major town. It’s advisable to hire a 4WD vehicle as some of the roads leading to the painting sites are unpaved and can be challenging to navigate, especially during the rainy season.

Guided Tours

To fully appreciate the historical and cultural significance of the paintings, it’s recommended to take a guided tour. Local guides are not only knowledgeable about the history and meaning behind the paintings but also equipped to navigate the terrain and ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.

What to Bring

  • Comfortable hiking gear: The tour involves a fair amount of walking and climbing, so wear appropriate shoes and clothing.
  • Water and snacks: There are no facilities at the site, so bring enough water and food for the day.
  • Camera: You’ll want to capture the stunning views and ancient art, but remember to use flash photography sparingly to preserve the paintings.
  • Sun protection: The sun can be intense, even in the cooler months, so don’t forget your hat and sunscreen.

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Preserving the Past for the Future

The Kondoa Irangi Rock Paintings are a fragile link to our ancient past, and it’s crucial to approach your visit with respect and mindfulness. The Tanzanian government and various international organizations have implemented measures to protect and preserve the site, but as visitors, we also play a vital role. Stick to marked paths, follow your guide’s instructions, and avoid touching the paintings to ensure they continue to inspire and educate future generations.

Beyond the Paintings

While the rock paintings are the main attraction, the Kondoa region has much more to offer. The nearby Irangi Hills are perfect for hiking and bird watching, and the local villages provide a chance to experience contemporary Tanzanian rural life. Engaging with the community, sampling local cuisine, and supporting small businesses can enrich your tour and contribute to the sustainable development of the area.

Kondoa Irangi Cave Paintings / Rock Arts Tours 

Half day Rock Art Tour of Kondoa Irangi – US $ 110 Per Person

Arrive in the small town of Kondoa met with our staff then transfer to Kolo area for registration and tour briefing and after that we will drive for about 9 kilometers to the base of Mongomi hill which is the starting point for your rock paintings tour. The tour begins by trekking to site B2, B1 and B3 which are ful of ancient rock arts. Paintings here are drawn by red and orange color which depicts scenery of tribe life including hunting, ceremony and dancing. The paintings believed to be dated over 10000 years ago. The guides will briefly narrate about all the rock paintings in the sites.  

After exploring the sites we will transfer you back to Kondoa town for overstay or afternoon bus back to Dodoma.

End of the tour

Tour Cost

US $ 180 Solo Traveler

US $ 120 per person sharing

Tour Cost Includes:

Village development funds and site entrance fees

Transfers Kondoa –Kolo-Mongomi Hill

Guide fee

Hot lunch/ lunch box

Coordination fee

Forest fund

Tour Excludes:

Transport from Dodoma / Kondoa

Accommodation in Kondoa

Expenses of the personal nature

Tips for the guide

Cave paintings Kondoa

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Full day Kondoa Irangi Rock Art Tour  – From US $ 150 pp

Arrive from Arusha or Dodoma met with our guide and transfer to the office for registration and tour briefing.

The tour begins by driving to Mongomi hill where you will leave the car and start the trek to site B1, B2 and B3. The paintings (rock arts) in these sites are said to be dated over 10,000 years and are depicting the scenery of tribe life including ceremony, dancing and hunting. Stop for few minutes to enjoy the picnic lunch and after that drive to Pahi site for further experience of the rock paintings. The paintings at this site are painted in black and white color. The arts seem to be the work an early cattle keeper’s and farmers. After spending sufficient time here you drive back to Kondoa for dinner and overnight or continue with the journey back to Dodoma…

Tour Cost

US $ 200 Solo Traveler

US $ 150 per person sharing

Tour Cost Includes:

Entrance fee and village development fund

Tour to the sites,

Coordination fee

Lunch and guide fee

Transport from Kondoa town / Sites

Tour not includes:

Transport from Dodoma / Arusha to Kondoa

Things of personal nature

Accommodations in Kondoa


Rock Art Kondoa

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Kondoa Cave Paintings

2 Days Kondoa Irangi Rock Paintings Tour

From US 200 per person

Tarangire & Kondoa Irangi

5 Days Tarangire Safari & Kondoa Irangi Tour

From US 800 per person

Kondoa Irangi Tour

4 Days Kondoa Irangi Tour from dar es salaam

From US 250 per person